Das menschliche Gehirn "Das Gehirn ist nicht nur ein Gefäß, das gefüllt werden muss, sondern ein Feuer, das gezündet werden will." – (Plutarch) Question 1 What's a common example of an octagon? a) a star b) a stop sign c) a pyramid Answer 1 b) a stop sign Discussion 1 Vok. „common“, „octagon“; What‘s the adjective (>octagonal)? What‘s the rule for putting the stress in words of Greek origin (>second to the last syllable)? Do you know other examples with „octa“ (>octave)? What does „gon“ mean (>angle)? Do you know other examples with „gon“ (>Pentagon)? Question 2 What award, founded in 1901, is funded with the help of the Bank of Sweden? Answer 2 the Nobel Prize Discussion 2 Voc. to found (regular) + to fund (regular) + to find (irregular) transl. exercise: 1. Sie gründeten eine Bank. 2. Er fand eine Münze. 3. Die Eltern unterstützten ihre Kinder finanziell beim Studium. Question 3 Do you know the meaning of the verbs "to assure", "to ensure" and "to insure"? Can you make sentences with these words? Answer 3 to assure = versichern (jemandem etwas versichern); to ensure = sicherstellen, gewährleisten, sich darum kümmern; to insure = versichern (was Versicherungen tun) Discussion 3 "We assure you that we will ensure the punctual delivery of the insured goods." Question 4 How much must a movie gross in U.S. ticket sales to be considered a blockbuster? Answer 4 one hundred million dollars Discussion 4 to gross = in Brutto einbringen, blockbuster = Kassenschlager, Straßenfeger; „to bust“: sprengen, Pleite machen, jemanden verhaften, kaputt gehen Question 5 How many boroughs make up the city of New York? Answer 5 five Discussion 5 The Bronx (northern, on the North American mainland), Brooklyn (most populous, Manhattan, Queens (the largest and most ethnical diverse), Staten Island (South West of the other boroughs). Harlem River separates The Bronx from the island of Manhattan. Disc. 5: New York Question 6 What score out of 800 did future Microsoft founder Bill Gates get on his math S.A.T.? Answer 6 800 Discussion 6 SAT = Scholastic Assessment Test, auch “aptitude”: ability, skills, talents, German: Eignung, Befähigung etc. Question 7 What's the term for a plant that lives more than two years? Answer 7 perennial Discussion 7 from Latin "perennis": durable, sustainable, persevering, persistent, arduous; from the Latin elements "per" = through, lasting for a period of time, and "annus" = year/s Question 8 If your teacher says "use your noggin," what is he asking you to do? a) smile b) think c) speak loudly and clearly Answer 8 b) think Discussion 8 noggin = slang expression for brain; auch 'kleiner Holzkrug' Question 9 What is an acronym? a) a word formed from the initial letters of the words of a compound term, e.g. UNO b) an open access encyclopedia which can be used by internet users, e.g. Wikipedia, c) an invertebrate animal with strong grasping forelegs, also called 'praying mantis' Answer 9 a) a word formed from the initial letters of the words of a compound term, e.g. UNO Discussion 9 invertebrate = wirbellos Do you know more acronyms (>NAFTA, ASAP etc.)? Do you know more words with the ending „-ym“ (>pseudonym, synonym, homonym)? Question 10 How high up in the sky do you need to go to be in space? a) 93 miles b) 423 miles c) 1209 miles Answer 10 a) 93 miles Discussion 10 1 mile = 1,609 km; that means it‘s approx. 150 km up to reach space Question 11 What does Las Vegas, which is originally Spanish, mean in English? a) the stars b) the meadows c) the vegetarians Answer 11 b) "the meadows" Discussion 11 meadow = grassland, hayfield; word order in the question: „What does .... bla, bla, bla ..... mean?“ Question 12 What was red about the Red Baron, the WWI flying ace? a) his beard b) his plane c) his complexion Answer 12 a) his plane Discussion 12 complexion = Teint, Hautfarbe Manfred von Richthofen, flew a Fokker Albatros, did not survive the war Question 13 What is another name for a lumberjack? a) a logger b) a loggerhead c) a tree surgeon? Answer 13 a) a logger Discussion 13 A loggerhead is an idiot, log is wood, lumber (wood for construction purposes), a logger is a man who works with log (e.g. who makes log cabins) Question 14 What is known as "the Royal Disease"? Answer 14 hemophilia Discussion 14 a bleeding disorder; low levels or complete absence of the blood protein for clotting Question 15 What period of time is known to scientists as a nychthemeron? Answer 15 twenty-four hours, or, in other words: a day and a night Discussion 15 The adjective is nychthemeral (not nychthemeronal!) Question 16 What food does half the world's population subsist wholly or partly on? Answer 16 rice Discussion 16 to subsist (on s.th.) = to be able to continue to exist, to survive; subsistence: means of obtaining the bare necessities of life Question 17 What newspaper is considered a must for all aspiring yuppies? Answer 17 The Wall Street Journal Discussion 17 "a must“; “The do‘s and don‘ts for software developers“ (example); a "yuppy": a young person who lives in a rather large city, earns a lot of money (preferably in stock trading) and spends it doing fashionable things and buying expensive possessions. Do you know there is a verb "to yuppify"? It means 'to change the appearance of a place to suit or attract people who earn and spend a lot of money' Question 18 What does the word "thoroughfare" mean? a) a fee to ride all buses in a city all day b) a lump-sum price, a 'package price' c) a through street for public traffic Answer 18 c) a through street for public traffic Discussion 18 a heavily traveled passage (can be a waterway); example: Broadway in New York; „through“; „thorough“ (thoroughly): exhaustively complete: a thorough search, painstakingly accurate or careful: thorough research, absolute: a thorough pleasure. Question 19 Whose book with the title Surviving at the Top, spent less time on the New York Times list than any other Number One book? Answer 19 Donald Trump's Discussion 19 Donald Trump (born June 1946 in New York, parents: German/Scottish); in the freewheeling 1980s, he created an empire in real estate and casinos. Other Books: "The Art of the Deal"(1988), "The Art of the Comeback", "How to Get Rich" (2004) Question 20 What Washington, D.C., building housed the Democratic Party headquarters in 1972? Answer 20 The Watergate Discussion 20 The 'Watergate scandal' (1972-1974) was an American political scandal and constitutional crisis that led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Watergate is the name of the hotel complex which White House conspirators broke into to plant bugging devices and wiretaps (see additional information); “to house” ... Thank you for your attention!!