13 June 2012
Governance of team science
Wouter Boon, Edwin Horlings and Peter van den Besselaar
Wouter Boon | 1
Challenges of Grand challenges
DATUM
13
June 2012
• EU Horizon 2020: Grand Challenges
─ E.g. climate change
─ Mission-oriented
─ ‘Wicked’/complex/unstructured problems
• Challenges to science and innovation system:
─ Articulating demands on different levels
─ Co-production of knowledge by producers and users
Wouter Boon | 2
Knowledge co-production…
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Co-production of knowledge by producers and users
─ ‘Mode 2’ science
─ Organisational heterogeneity, more disciplines,
contextualised knowledge production
─ Local, context-specific setting (vs. generalisable, global
science)
Wouter Boon | 3
… in teams
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Initiatives that encompass a large range of scientists,
disciplines and locations (Stokols et al., 2008)
• Teams in projects: autonomous, flexible, innovative,
context-specific, delineated goals and time span
Wouter Boon | 4
Research question
DATUM
13
June 2012
• There is work on science collaboration and team work
• Gaps (Bakker, 2010): heterogeneous actors and
disciplines; longitudinal perspective; autonomy vs.
embeddedness
• Focus: teams of knowledge producers and users
• Research question: what conditions contribute to
learning in and with these teams?
Wouter Boon | 5
Science in teams: characteristics
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Knowledge boundaries: knowledge differences //
potential for knowledge integration and innovation
• Learning boundaries: between project and organisation
─ Teams positioned outside existing organisation
(“decoupling”)
─ Two principals
• Governance of projects
Wouter Boon | 6
Conditions of learning in teams
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Governance of projects: centered vs. distributed
leadership, nature of coordination efforts, task
partitioning
• Knowledge integration: team diversity of backgrounds
and disciplines, collaborative readiness (absorptive
capacity), history of collaboration
• Embedding team  organisations: incentive system,
perceptions of each other’s norms, representativeness
Wouter Boon | 7
Degree of learning in/with teams
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Learning within team: first-order and second-order
• Learning team-to-organisation
Wouter Boon | 8
Conceptual model
13 March
DATUM
22
June 2012
2012
Project
governance
Distribution of leadership
Coordination efforts
Task partitioning
Knowledge
integration
Team diversity
Collaborative readiness
History of collaboration
Embedding team
Incentive system
Perception of norms
Representation
Wouter Boon | 2
Learning
Within team and team-toorganisations
Case selection
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Knowledge for Climate
• Hotspot Mainport Rotterdam (local, rich, networked)
• 15 projects
Wouter Boon | 10
Methodology
DATUM
13
June 2012
• In-depth interviews
• Document analysis
• Analysis in progress: in-depth results of 2 cases
Wouter Boon | 11
Case introduction
DATUM
13
June 2012
Urban heat
Heusinkveld et al. (2011)
Wouter Boon | 12
Flood risks
in unembanked areas
Veerbeek et al. (2010)
Results (1)
DATUM
13
June 2012
Urban heat
Flood risks
- Leadership
Network with hub
Lead organisation
- Coordination
Equality in team
Formal exchanges
- Task partitioning
Integrative
Complementary
- Team diversity
Diverse disciplines
Same disciplines
- Collaborative readiness
Resources to collaborate
Resources to collaborate
- History of collaboration
New subject; new network
String of previous projects
Project governance
Knowledge integration
Wouter Boon | 13
Results (2)
DATUM
13
June 2012
Urban heat
Flood risks
- Incentive systems
Home versus team
incentives
New knowledge and
networks
- Norm perception
High reflexivity
High reflexivity
- Representation
Good
Good
- Within teams
New knowledge; no
integration
New knowledge;
integration
- Team-to-organisation
New methods, data and
networks
Continuous learning
Embedding team
Learning
Wouter Boon | 14
Conclusions
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Urban heat
─ Integrative and equal governance did not lead to coproduction; new field and lots of opportunities created
• Flood risks
─ Previous and continuous collaborations leads to coproduction and continuous learning
• Preliminary conclusion: ‘safe haven’ does not ease
‘home pressure’, continuous learning, representation
Wouter Boon | 15
Discussion
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Expansion to other cases/teams:
• Monodisciplinary teams
• Other programmes (less ‘safe harbour’)
• Other sectors
• Expansion of methods
• Bibliometrics, CV analysis
Wouter Boon | 16
Wrap up
DATUM
13
June 2012
• Teams of users and producers co-creating knowledge
• Governance of projects, knowledge integration,
embedding team  organisations as conditions for
learning
Wouter Boon | 17
DATUM
13
June 2012
Thank you for your attention!
[email protected]
Wouter Boon | 18

Governance of team science