Vocational Education
and Training in
Baden-Wuerttemberg
Germany
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Vocational Education and Training in
Baden-Wuerttemberg
Information on
Baden-Wuerttemberg
The Dual System in
Baden-Wuerttemberg
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Information on Baden-Wuerttemberg
and Germany
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Impressions of Baden-Wuerttemberg
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
State of Baden-Wuerttemberg
• Population: 10,747,000
• Size: 35,725 km²
• No natural resources
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Economy in BW
• Employees: 4.4 Mio.
• Unemployment rate:
Germany 7.2 %
BW 4.0 %
BW 25 an younger 2.8%
• more than 125,000 crafts
enterprises
• more than 8,400 industrial
enterprises
• About 60% of all enterprises
have the right to participate
in the training in the Dual
System - 80% of them actually
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6
train
young apprentices
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Main Industries in BW
Engineering
22%
7%
12%
Automotive
Industry 20%
6%
5%
Metal Industry
12%
Electronics
28%
20%
7%
Optical
Industry
22%
BW holds a percentage of 4.3 % of the world‘s
total engineering market, as compared to
nations like Great Britain (3.1 %) or France
(4.0 %)
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6%
Chemical
Industry 5%
Others
28%
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
The Dual System in
Baden-Wuerttemberg
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
German Federal Law
According to our “constitution”, the
Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany
(Grundgesetz, Art. 70):
“All educational issues are decided by the individual
Federal States autonomously” (Länderhoheit)
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Coordination between
Federal Republic and Federal States
Standing Conference of
Ministers of Education
16 Federal States
BMBF
BW
Hamburg
National Minister
of Education
Saxony
Bavaria
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Univ. of Applied Science
University
Cooperative State University
Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education
Advanced Certificate of VE
Employment
Senior Voc.
School (FE)
Advanced Voc.
School
(13,400)
(45,300)
Upper Sec.
Voc.School
(2,100)
Dual System of VTE
part-time vocational school plus
in-company training
Upper
Secondary
Vocational
School
(3 years)
(2 – 3.5 years)
(50,300)
(201,000)
General Certificate of Secondary Education
Voc Prep.
Voc. Intro
(3,600)
(6,700)
Full-time
Voc. Sch
(27,000)
General Certificate of Education
Voc.
Interm.
Second.
School
(1 year)
General Secondary School (5 years)
Intermediate
Secondary
School
Upper
Secondary
School
(6 years)
(8 years)
(233,000)
(311,000)
(151,000)
Primary School (4 years)
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24.4%
(395,700)
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
34.0%
40.8%
Dual System:
Challenges and Strengths
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
What is our advantage?
• Modern training programmes in 350 professions
• Training is a combination of theory and practice
• VET takes care of employment and labour market
needs
• State of the art technology in VET
• Preparing young people for employment and life-long
learning combined with the possibility to enter tertiary
education
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
How do we achieve this?
• Close cooperation with industry and craft on all
levels:
• Curriculum and training regulation development
• In-service training for teachers
• Generation of teaching materials
• Common centralized exams with our partners
• Assessment and quality management systems
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
The Dual System in VET
training to become a Skilled Professional
Basic Idea:
To train young people
in vocational school
and in company
Two educational centres!
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
The two Educational Centres
Dual System in VET
70%
in-company training
• Law of the Federal Republic
of Germany:
Training Regulations
(Ausbildungsordnung)
3.5 days per week
work experience
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30%
at vocational school
• State Law of Baden-
Wuerttemberg:
Framework Curriculum
(Rahmenlehrplan)
1.5 days per week theory
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Challenges
for Vocational School
• Very close cooperation with industry on all levels:
•
•
•
•
•
Federal Ministries and industrial associations
Ministries and social partners
Chambers and local school authorities
Enterprises and vocational schools
Teachers and company trainers
Permanent demand for modernization of VET!
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Changes in Requirements
Car mechanic
Car electrician
Car mechatronic
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Modernizing Professions
Parallel to the legislative process:
• Generation of teaching materials
• In-service-training at State Academy for
multipliers
• In-service-training for teachers by multipliers on
school level
process of modernization and in-service
training of teachers within one year
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Curriculum in Modernised and
new Professions
• Special emphasis is placed on vocational competencies
• Learning units are no longer taught according to traditional
vocational subjects but according to vocational competencies
(Lernfelder)
• Part of these competencies are taught in vocational English
• Project work and problem solving techniques become part of the
modern curriculum
• general subjects (e.g. German, Economics) and optional subjects
(e.g. for University Entrance Exam) still play a major role
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Benefits of the Dual System
• Maximum exposure to job reality
• Match between supply and demand of highly qualified skilled
professionals
• Low rate of youth unemployment
• Guarantees a better employability
• Combination of theoretical learning in school is combined with
practical work experience
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
Univ. of Applied Science
University
Cooperative State University
Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education
Advanced Certificate of VE
Employment
Senior Voc.
School (FE)
Advanced Voc.
School
(13,400)
(45,300)
Upper Sec.
Voc.School
(2,100)
Dual System of VTE
part-time vocational school plus
in-company training
Upper
Secondary
Vocational
School
(3 years)
(2 – 3.5 years)
(50,300)
(201,000)
General Certificate of Secondary Education
Voc Prep.
Voc. Intro
(3,600)
(6,700)
Full-time
Voc. Sch
(27,000)
General Certificate of Education
Voc.
Interm.
Second.
School
(1 year)
General Secondary School (5 years)
Intermediate
Secondary
School
Upper
Secondary
School
(6 years)
(8 years)
(233,000)
(311,000)
(151,000)
Primary School (4 years)
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24.4%
(395,700)
Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport
34.0%
40.8%
Information about the Dual
System in English or other
languages may be found under
the following address:
www.bibb.de/en
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Ministerium für Kultus, Jugend und Sport

7 VTE BW London 2012-05 Kurrle 2